Three domestic industries - Gold Plus Glass Industry, HNG Float Glass and Saint-Gobain Glass India Ltd - have jointly filed the application for investigation.
In a notification, the DGAD has said that the petitioners have provided sufficient evidence that the normal value of the chemical in the three countries are significantly higher than the net export price.
The evidences have prima-facie indicated that the product is being dumped from these nations, it said.
"...the Authority (DGAD) hereby initiates an investigation into the alleged dumping and consequent injury to the domestic industry...to determine the existence, degree and effect of any alleged dumping and to recommend the amount of antidumping duty, which if levied, would be adequate to remove the injury to the domestic industry," it said.
The period of investigation is from October 2011 to December 2012. However, for the purpose of analysing injury, the data of previous three years of 2009-2010, 2010-2011 and 2011-12 would also be considered, it added.
After completion of the probe, the DGAD, if needed, would recommend the duty and the finance ministry would impose it.
Countries initiate an anti-dumping probe to determine whether their domestic industries have been hurt because of surge in cheap imports of any product. As a counter-measure, they impose duties under the multilateral regime of the WTO.
The duty is aimed at ensuring fair trading practices and creating a level-playing field for domestic producers vis-a- vis foreign producers and exporters resorting to dumping.
Unlike the safeguard duty, which is levied in a uniform way, anti-dumping duty varies from product to product and country to country.
India has initiated 275 anti-dumping investigations between 1992 and March 2012, involving 42 countries.
The countries prominently figuring in anti-dumping investigations are China, Korea and Singapore and the major product categories on which anti-dumping duty has been levied are chemicals and petrochemicals, pharmaceutical, steel and consumer goods.